“Repatinando”…que es gerundio II

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Venimos de aquí https://moneditis.com/2021/04/09/repatinando-que-es-gerundio-i/

Continuando con las formas de patinar nuestras monedas. Personalmente, no lo aconsejo…pero hay verdaderos maestros en este arte, como en casi todo

Estos procedimientos son genéricos para joyería, por lo que no siempre son aplicables a monedas. El motivo fundamental de estas entradas en el blog es que conozcáis las formas de patinar y los resultados obtenidos, para así poder determinar si la moneda que tenéis en las manos ha sido manipulada. Además de a simple vista, se pueden realizar analíticas en superficie…pero esa es otra cuestión 🙂

Parece que el azufre en diversas formulaciones / mezclas sirve bien al propósito de oscurecer y embellecer el metal

¿Columnario patinado con cloro, azufre, sulfuro potásico,…?

Queda una tercera parte, para no hacer demasiado extensas estas líneas

P.S. https://www.quimica.es/noticias/1170782/sntesis-qumica-sostenible-con-platino.html

Síntesis química sostenible con platino

Un nuevo catalizador permite que la madera sustituya al petróleo en la síntesis de hidrocarburos

La fuente de fenoles en estos experimentos fue la lignina, que interviene en los componentes estructurales resistentes de cuerpos vegetales rígidos como los árboles. Por ello, la biomasa leñosa es la materia prima ideal, ya que puede obtenerse de forma más sostenible que el petróleo.

Squeeze reddit Silver Bugs WallStreet

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Aquí ya hablaba, a finales de enero, sobre la compra masiva de plata, tanto física como a través de PSLV (papel con respaldo),  en todo el mundo para conseguir hundir a los banqueros de JPMorgan, entre otros

https://moneditis.com/2021/01/28/slv-reddit-wallstreetbets-thehappyhawaiian-silver-futures/

Estamos ya en abril y los autodenominados “apes” siguen a lo suyo: acumular monedas y lingotes de plata

https://www.reddit.com/r/SilverSqueeze/comments/mpybf6/heres_why_youll_be_unable_to_buy_silver_by_may_14/

Here’s why you’ll be unable to buy silver by May 14

Discussionr/Wallstreetsilver•Posted byu/MichaelSilveria18 days ago

Here’s why you’ll be unable to buy silver by May 14Discussion

So first this is going to be an ‘opinion’ post for 2 reasons. The first is I cannot be bothered to explain and quantify all the data I have. Second is I do not want to reveal my sources. So assume I am a schizophrenic that hears voices and thinks god told me all this.

By May 7th silver retail production will be about 5% compared to what it is now. Roughly a week later all retail products made from March 1 to May 7th will have been sold. You will effectively be unable to buy any new coins or bars from this point (May 14th) onwards as that small amount being produced per day will have an ever increasing tank of sharks chasing it.

Now for some explanations of what we are seeing in the physical market. Around Feb 1 when the WSS movement started there were bars and coins sitting in shops and warehouses around the world, lets call this global retail inventory “Before WSS Inventory” or BWI. This entire supply was wiped out by early March. Now this BWI that was bought up very quickly did not touch a single 1000oz bar in the market, this is why Comex and ETFs barely saw movement until March rolled around.

Somewhere between Feb and March the retail smelters and refineries went to 100% production and they will stay there until, one by one they run out of supply. May 7th is the deadline so to speak when nearly all of their 1000oz supply will be depleted. Any increase in demand for retail products will not speed up this process, they will be making products until May 7th, they have their 1000oz inventory and they are close to 100% production. There are some exceptions to all refineries operating at 100%, some have already depleted their supplies and some are rationing while they attempt to source new 1000oz bars.

So what is the actual problem here? If a refinery runs out of 1000oz it will just get more right? This is exactly what they have been doing, in near panic for the last 2 weeks. But this process began at some refineries middle of February, kicked into gear first week of March and hit panic levels just recently. They cannot find enough. Refineries are now battling investors for the last 1000oz bars and paying premiums never seen before, this is part of the reason premiums for the retail products are high and will get higher. Refineries are also getting phone calls from ETFs/investors asking them for their remaining 1000oz.

So here is what you are going to see in the leadup to May 7th.

  1. Individual retail suppliers are one by one going to run out of product completely as the refineries they rely on cease or ration production.
  2. There will be an increased inability to convert any paper product into 1000oz bars, let alone smaller bars.
  3. PSLV will come out before the end of April and say they are unable to source enough 1000oz bars to satisfy their prospectus.
  4. Premiums will get higher and higher.
  5. Local coin shops may be the only possibility to find any silver after May as some people will still be selling a few coins and bars.

All of this is based on the assumption that refiners will use their whole 1000oz inventory for products. If they don’t that May 7th deadline will be pushed forward. Why wouldn’t they? Well greed mainly. If you had the last supplies of a dwindling resource it would make financial sense for you to stop production now and make products in the future when you can charge way more. If there are any refinery “unexpected downtime” this is the reason. It is also possible they will be “politely” asked to stop.

As always, good luck to everyone.

Resumen: se acaba la plata 😉

https://www.reddit.com/r/Silverbugs/

https://www.reddit.com/r/Wallstreetsilver/

https://www.reddit.com/r/SilverSqueeze/

Sigo sin bola de cristal…pero es “divertido” pensar que David (apes) podrá contra Goliath (banca metalera)

https://www.reddit.com/r/Wallstreetsilver/comments/mpwy39/this_war_is_not_meant_to_be_won_it_is_meant_to_be/

This war is not meant to be won; it is meant to be continuous. An essay.

Due Diligence

The people in power WANT everyone alive poor, desperate, and helpless so we beg for salvation in the form of Central Bank Digital Currencies while the top 1% get richer than any other time EVER. Please read this entire post as I’ll go into detail about what’s really happening.

Central Bank Digital Currencies will give central banks “absolute control” (their words, not mine) over every person on earth. We cannot allow this global dictatorship to happen!! If they succeed, it will entrap all of humanity in PERMANENT slavery, forever. This is not an exaggeration!

This is quite literally the fight between good and evil for the future of all of humanity. If not for you, think of future generations. We cannot afford to lose this war! This was the same critical inflection point that caused Ancient Rome to fall, but this time it’s global.

I am begging you to look around and SEE what’s happening before your very eyes. People are scared and depressed through the constant bombardment of COVID-19 propaganda, lockdowns, and politics. People are choosing not to have life-saving cancer treatments for fear of catching a virus with a 97.8% survival rate. Suicides and homicides have spiked over extreme acute stress and trauma. The police force is turning against the people they are supposed to “serve and protect” while they act as a buffer between us and the real enemies: governments and banks. All of these entities were put in place BY US, to represent US. They haven’t actually represented us since the day they took office. Their campaigning to the populous was just a show with no intention to follow through on anything they promised. Banks and huge corporations then use their wealth to buy politicians to ensure they get ahead financially at the expense of everyone else. Buying politicians supposedly has a 750:1 return on investment.

If this doesn’t look like a world you imagined for yourself, your children, or your family, then you need to do something about it RIGHT NOW. Central Bank Digital Currencies are being built and implemented through the entire world economy as I write this, here in the year 2021. The first several are already in use.

Here’s how we got to this place: when you work at a job, you use your energy to produce something of value and are paid for whatever it is you produce. When you save money in a bank account (many banks pay you next to nothing in interest), not only are you losing your purchasing power and becoming poorer thanks to inflation, the banks are using YOUR cash to make loans to other people and are charging interest on that to the tune of at least 10:1. For every $1,000 in a bank account, they lend out $10,000 and charge interest on all of that. Yes, this means banks lend out money they don’t even have and charge interest on it.

And here’s the real shocker: when your local bank runs out of your money and can’t counterfeit even more into existence due to the reserve requirements, they call up the central bank to send them more. Central banks then get the national mint to print currency, then they lend that newly printed currency to the government and charge the government interest on loans to the local banks. Finally, the taxpayer is on the hook for ALL of it. This is called fractional reserve lending and it is the single source for ALL of humanity’s problems, from famines to war to poverty to hatred and wealth inequality.

w7gk45tnaxs61

The elites use their power, wealth, and influence to wage psychological wars on the masses so that we will fight amongst ourselves over race (think Black Lives Matter or White Supremacists), politics (think Democrat vs. Republican), religion (think Christian vs. Muslim), when in reality, NONE of that stuff truly matters. It is ALL a social construct designed specifically to divide us and keep us fighting while the top 1% plunder the world’s riches.

Bankers have figured out a way to steal more than 90% of ALL of humanity’s wealth. This creates extraordinary distortions in the economy, as well as massive booms and busts like the one we are currently going through.

If you’ve ever felt like it’s getting harder to make ends meet, that’s because it is. You ARE getting poorer while banks and governments are getting unimaginably rich buying up all of the assets and resources in the economy (think the housing crisis of 2008/2009) by using our collective work energy. This happens to you even if you’ve never taken out a loan in your entire life. Simply using currency is what causes inflation, yet it’s the same people that benefit most that are telling us to use their infinitely-inflatable currency.

At some point, the dam always breaks because the cost of living exceeds income, and to prevent the debt slaves (meaning the entire population) from going bankrupt and causing deflation, leading to cascading defaults, bankers must hyperinflate the currency away like many countries including the United States (yes really; see the money supply at https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/M1), Canada, Australia, Italy, Venezuela, and others are doing right now. Hyperinflation allows debtors to pay back their debts using worthless currency.

Fortunately, there is a way out of this hell they’re building; it’s their true Achilles heel: physical, real-world, hold-in-your-hands SILVER.

Silver is a naturally-limited (and dwindling) resource that cannot be inflated away, cannot be recreated in a laboratory, and has been used in commerce for thousands of years.

Physical silver is a store of value and if you hold your wealth in this form, it is impossible to go broke because it has intrinsic value.

Silver also protects you and your family from the ravages of hyperinflation. Just look at what happened to the price of silver in Venezuela, Zimbabwe, Weimar Germany, and Hungary during their bouts of hyperinflation; silver went up in price by BILLIONS of percentage points. Not even Bitcoin can offer such incredible, life-changing returns.

We MUST start using silver again and not fiat currencies that secretly steal all of your purchasing power through inflation over the decades! It’s the only way we can truly heal as a species.

Just remember, the people have always had the power, not our “elected officials” or banks, and it’s about fucking time we take back what’s ours!!

r/SilverSqueeze - The Purpose of Socialism/Communism is the Centralization of Power in the Hands of The Few. BUY SILVER & PUT THE POWER BACK IN THE HANDS OF THE PEOPLE. Buying Silver brings the world back to a Gold/Silver Standard that keeps the governments in check at least with regards to Money …

https://www.reddit.com/r/Wallstreetsilver/comments/mqgzk5/according_to_ted_butler_the_combined_short/

According to Ted Butler the combined short position of Bank of America and the Cartel is about 850 million ounces. From where the hell will they get this metal ?

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Exactly ten years back in April,2011 Silver traded at around $50. And now 10 years later in April, 2021 it is trading at around $25 ( half the price of April 2011) and is even being pushed below $25 as was done on last Monday. And this has happened despite the runaway inflation as prices of all items have gone up much higher. The only reason for this paradoxical fall in Silver price is the huge and concentrated short position of about 850 million ounces of a Cartel of banks like Goldman Sachs, HSBC, Bank of America to name a few. Now with the tightening of the physical availability of Silver in the market caused by this noble movement started by we Apes, the noose is tightening around the neck of these Banks and soon they will run for cover. The countdown has already started and the Silver Rocket is soon ready to take off leaving the all time high of $50 in April 2011 much behind it.

P.S. Imperios de la plata II

Rublo 1726 II / Рубль 1726 II

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Aquí   https://moneditis.com/2019/03/25/rublo-1726-рубль-1726/ ya hablaba sobre un rublo de Catalina I

Peso teórico: 28,44 g de plata Ag .729 Diámetro 41 mm

Retrato del grabador danés Anton Schultz

Anverso: ЕКАТЕРИНА• IМПЕРАТРIЦА• IСАМОДЕРЖИЦА• ВСЕРОСIСКАЯ

Reverso: МОНЕТА* НОВАЯ* ЦЕНА* РУБЛЬ•1726

Acuñada en Moscú, en la Casa de la Moneda Kadashevsky

La diferencia entre uno y otro rublo se encuentra en la cola del águila bicéfala del reverso (comparar en el enlace de arriba)

Canto

россискоi рубль ея i в (императорского величества) московского двора

Retrato a izquierda. En la cabeza aparece una corona sobre la cinta del pelo de la zarina y en el pecho estrella de orden militar sobre armadura.

En Moscú, la acuñación de moneda de plata se lleva a cabo exclusivamente en la ceca de Kadashevsky. No hay datos sobre ensayadores, maestros de balanza y otros trabajadores de esta Casa de la Moneda moscovita. El 13 de julio de 1724 se firmó contrato por seis años con el medallista Danés Anton Schultz, que trabaja hasta 1736.

Por esta moneda se pagaron casi 1.000 euros.

Catálogo Konros Nº 50/6

Aquí rublo también de 1726 pero de cobre. Pesa 1.638 g de nada. Para llevarlo en el bolsillo 🙂

Subtítulos sólo en ruso

P.S.  https://coinsweekly.com/how-to-detect-counterfeits-at-all-times-part-3-british-sovereigns/

Al final del artículo, referencias a otras falsificaciones / detalles técnicos

https://goldsovereignexpert.com/

https://goldsovereigns.co.uk/

ANA elearning Academy II

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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¡Esto va muy deprisa! El miércoles 1 de julio Bob Bair nos instruyó sobre CAC & ITS “Green Beans” y ayer jueves 2 de julio Brian Silliman y Jim Robinson: Counterfeit Detection    https://info.money.org/elearning

La charla CAC & ITS “Green Beans” versó sobre las bondades de un certificador, CAC, de certificadores, NGC y PCGS. Le añaden una pegatina verde, green bean, al ataúd sellado de PCGS y/o NGC y así aumenta el precio de la moneda, al considerarla premium

https://www.caccoin.com/faq/

El concepto en si es muy americano, dado que por aquí (Europa) preferimos conocer las monedas que coleccionamos y poder examinarlas libremente, es decir, disfrutar de ellas al tacto, no manteniéndolas encerradas de por vida en una cajita transparente.

Tabla comparativa de precios con y sin la etiquetita verde de CAC

Lo mejor fue la segunda hora, de turno de preguntas. Interesantes datos sobre la forma de ver el coleccionismo numismático por parte de los yankees. A mi pregunta sobre si tienen delegación en Europa, respondió que no. Aquí funcionamos de otra manera.

La charla de ayer, Counterfeit Detection, mucho más interesante  http://bsrarecoins.com/

Brian Silliman al frente y Jim Robinson contestando preguntas. Desde tipos hasta estadística (supuesta) de falsificaciones. En cuanto a los métodos, en este mismo blog hay diversas entradas al respecto

Múltiples detalles técnicos y varias máximas a tener en cuenta, entre las que destaco que la perfección en la falsificación aún no se ha alcanzado (uhmmm…dudo) y que menos del 1% de las monedas a la venta son falsas (discrepo abiertamente) Por supuesto, esto de pillar las falsas es cuestión de ver muuuuuchas monedas…aunque no sólo  😉

Más de media hora explicó el ponente las falsificaciones de centavos americanos, de nulo interés para mi, para a continuación ver algunos dólares de plata. Las monedas de oro quedaron al margen del seminario, aunque Jim Robinson comentó que, por su experiencia en APMEX, las más falsificadas son los sovereigns, USA pre 33 y bullion.

Pelo, estrellas, LIBERTY, plumas…

Morgans de New Orleans

A mi pregunta sobre los medios de autentificación, incluyó XRFs, por lo que me quedo más tranquilo…relativamente…Tampoco es cuestión de serrar los lingotes…o si   https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Caixin/Mystery-of-2bn-of-loans-backed-by-fake-gold-in-China

A lo largo del verano iré subiendo varios artículos referentes a counterfeits publicados en The Numismatist

Dos horas repletas de información; mucho quedó en el tintero pero siempre suele ser así cuando se habla de falsificaciones. Parece que los vídeos estarán disponibles en la página de la ANA en algún momento del futuro cercano.

P.S. Fake slabs

https://www.cointalk.com/threads/an-examination-of-the-counterfeit-slab-epidemic-scope-and-advice.355364/page-22

https://es.aliexpress.com/item/4000460814286.html?spm=a219c.12010615.8148356.8.4861e3ab4wVB2U

Dominical Fin de la Plaza Mayor (mercadillo numismático) II

Enlace a escrito de agosto de 2018 sin respuesta, citado en escrito de julio de 2019 adjunto

https://moneditis.com/2018/08/19/dominical-fin-de-la-plaza-mayor-mercadillo-numismatico/

Dominical Fin de la Plaza Mayor (mercadillo numismático) – continúa la saga con escrito y respuesta impagable del querido por todos hay-untamiento de Madrid.

Ni cortos ni perezosos, esto es lo que responden…casi un año después…

Información Exp. 2018/873528_2019/738351

JMD Centro – Actos en Vía Pública de Centro    actosvpublicacentro@madrid.es

Buenos días,

En relación a las instancias recibidas con número: 2018/873528 y 2019/738351 respectivamente en este Ayuntamiento, le comunicamos que cualquier incidencia de esta índole tiene que ponerse en contacto con la Asociación AMayor.

Atentamente

No parece que ni siquiera hayan leído que Amayor no me responde/no atiende mis reiteradas peticiones. SE LAVAN LAS MANOS. Eso si, si yo ahora les desease que un rayo les partiese en dos o que las plagas de Egipto se cebaran en su familia durante las próximas 20 generaciones, podría ser sancionado. ¿HDLGP? (HiDaLGum Pere)

Así es como solucionan de un plumazo el asunto…¡Como para fiarse de estos pájaros! (políticos en general – funcionarios del área de centro, vía pública – en particular – AMayor)

PS

¡A ver que tal se os da! 😉

Rublo / Рубль / Ruble 1924 II

Aquí una extensa entrada sobre el rublo de 1924 de la ya Unión Soviética

https://moneditis.com/2016/05/22/rublo-рубль-ruble-1924/

peeero faltaba la variante de las ventanas cuadradas (cuadrante inferior derecho), rublo por el que se pagan 300 y pico euritos en EBC/XF

Primer rublo acuñado por la URSS

Las ventanas cuadradas de la fábrica con dos chimeneas junto al pie izquierdo del trabajador

Comparativa. Fijaos bien… (abriendo la fotografía en otra ventana y ampliando)

¿Origen del error/fallo? Esmero en la proporción de las ventanas  😉

Misma inscripción en el canto que en el rublo sin error

No hace mucho…

Apartado del mundanal ruido y el bullicio en tranquila dacha a las afueras de Petersburgo

¡Qué paz!

Apenas hace unas horas…

P.S. http://reversoyanverso.com/viewtopic.php?f=19&t=3543&start=740

P.S Algunas emisiones de fin del 2018

http://cbr.ru/press/pr/?file=07122018_133348coins.htm

25 rublos cu-ni. 25 años de la Constitución de la Federación Rusa. Tirada: 1 millón.

http://cbr.ru/press/pr/?file=26112018_153507coin.htm

“Ciudades y territorios participantes en la fase final de la votación de Rusia sobre la elección de símbolos para los billetes del Banco de Rusia con denominaciones de 200 y 2000 rublos”

100 rublos. Monedón de 1 kg. de plata Ag .925. Tirada: 75 ejemplares.

Kiosko monedas II

No deja de sorprenderme el hecho de encontrarme monedas en los kioskos de prensa y “chuches” varias; como no es habitual en España…  Aquí   https://moneditis.com/2015/05/03/kiosko-monedas/  una entrada anterior

Evidentemente no hay monedas caras; la mayoría tienen que ver con el pasado mundial de fútbol, pero no sólo. Bimetálicas y doradas de 10 rublos, álbumes…Material asequible y que demanden los usuarios del transporte público (estación de metro y autobuses cercana), normalmente no en la franja socio-económica de millonarios locales

No sólo en kioskos por la calle te puedes encontrar con una “sorpresa monetaria”. Aquí  https://moneditis.com/2015/11/30/puesto-numismatico/   puesto de monedas dentro de un Centro Comercial.

Y si de sorpresas se trata, aquí os dejo este templo escondido entre edificios…

Visto al cruzar la calle  🙂

P.S.

P.S.II Más kioskos

Agosto canicular 8 reales II

De aquí  https://moneditis.com/2018/07/28/agosto-canicular-8-reales-i/

Seguimos en Heritage

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5071&category=156255

Desde Australia

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5077&category=156605

AUSTRALIAN Proclamation Coins – Monedas de proclamación australianas

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5077&category=156605&lot=4225733

Stack´s Bowers (USA) http://www.stacksbowers.com/Pages/Home.aspx

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157223&lot=4232135

BOLIVIA. 8 Reales Royal, 1655-P E. Philip IV (1621-65). NGC VF Details–Holed.
27.10 gms. KM-R21; Laz-144. Well struck with good definition of the design features which include three very clear dates. Nearly complete legends on the obverse with portions of the tops of letters at about 9 o’clock off the flan, while the reverse boldly displays the King’s name and ordinal with some of the remainder off the flan. Mostly bright gray with deep toning in the recessed areas. Holed, as most are, although quite neatly done and therefore of little detraction to the overall appearance.
NGC VF Details–Holed.

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157223&lot=4232237

CURACAO. 3 Reaals (18 Stivers or Guillotine), ND (ca. 1800-01). PCGS Genuine–Tooled, Fine Details Secure Holder.
6.60 gms. KM-7; Prid-pg. 251 Fig. 25; Scholten-1368a. “Star” or Rosace of five petals countermark applied to reverse of a cut 1/4 Dollar with crenated edges of 1793-MoFM bust 8 Reales of Charles IIII(IV). During the governorship of J. K. Lauffer small silver coinage was obtained by cutting whole Spanish Dollars into quarters. A quantity of 7,000 Dollars were cut into equal parts by goldsmith H. J. Hoyer and were declared current at 3 Reaals or 18 Stivers. The local name given to these as referred to in public notices was “Guillotinos”. A public notice of 3rd March 1801 warned against forgeries. VERY RARE and very interesting, much more so than the later more common British occupation issues of cut 1/5 Dollars. It should be noted that the indent on the reverse next to the date is identical to the example plated in Fred Pridmore’s ground breaking work “The Coins of the British Commonwealth of Nations Part 3 West Indies”. The countermark is well placed and bold. Though the holder indicates tooling this is not accurate, numerous scratches are present on both the obverse and reverse from long ago now toned over. The date and KM number listed on the PCGS insert are incorrect. Dark gray to charcoal toning throughout with hints of blue that pop out when tilted in the light. Another treat for the specialist of West Indies cut and countermarked issues. Countermark VF Details, host coin
PCGS Genuine–Tooled, Fine Details Secure Holder.

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157228&page=4

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157228&lot=4232881

JAMAICA. 6 Shillings 8 Pence (Dollar 8 Reales), ND (Act of 18 November 1758). PCGS VF-35 Secure Holder.
KM-8.2; Prid-4. Bi-facial floral “GR” countermark well applied to centers of a 1755 Mexico 8 Reales (KM-104.2). Lovely mottled old envelope tone displaying hues of blue, sea foam green and rose. A lovely example with good eye appeal. Countermark VF Details, host coin
PCGS VF-35 Secure Holder.
From the Cardinal Collection Educational Foundation.#1 PCGS Registry Set of “World Coins Circulating in Early America”.

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157228&lot=4232908

ERROR VTRUQUE

Highly Important UTRUQUE Error Legend Variety
MEXICO. 8 Reales, 1746-MF. Philip V (1700-46). NGC VF-35.
KM-unlisted; Gilboy-unlisted. EXCESSIVELY RARE error variety with “UTRUQUE” instead of “UTRAQUE” on the date side. Well struck with contained wear over the higher devices defining the designation and mild adjustment marks on the shield. A premium example for the assigned grade with problem-free surfaces. The discovery piece of this little known and excessively rare variety, which remains unlisted in the Krause and Gilboy reference work. Spelling errors are not unknown for the Spanish Colonial pillar series of 8 Reales with the Potosi 8 Reales 1768 PTS-JR with spelling error “URTAQUE” instead of “UTRAQUE” (6-7 known examples) and the Lima 8 Reales 1771 LM-JM with the error “HIAPSN” instead of “HISPAN” (around 12-15 examples known) the most noteworthy. Both are duly considered as key issues to complete their respective series. The present coin’s rarity propels it into an entirely different level of desirability: only 3 examples are known, one of which is likely impounded for a long time in a private U.S. collection. The present offering thus represents a very rare opportunity to acquire the rarest issue amongst the Mexican pillar 8 Reales (and the key to complete a set of this ever-popular series).
NGC VF-35.
Ex: Darwin Palmer Collection.

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157228&page=5

https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5086&category=157228&lot=4233021

Estimate: 10’000 USD   |   Starting price: 6’000 USD

PERU
Magnificent Lima Pillar Dollar
PERU. 8 Reales, 1762-L JM. PCGS MS-65 Secure Holder.
KM-A64.1 (marked A64.2 on slab); Gil-L-8-14B; cf.El-14; Cal-Type 96#837; FC-13b. Single finest certified of the type on the PCGS population report. Variety with dots above both mintmarks. Strong repunch of the 7 and 6 in date. Highly lustrous satiny surfaces with attractive steel gray toning and a nice cartwheel effect, a piece with great eye appeal in this much sought after lofty grade. A spectacular example destined for the finest of cabinets.
PCGS MS-65 Secure Holder.
From the Cardinal Collection Educational Foundation.#1 PCGS Registry Set of “World Coins Circulating in Early America”.

Seguimos en la tercera y última entrada

P.S.

Museo del Dinero Ruso (Historia) II

https://moneditis.com/2017/11/10/museo-del-dinero-ruso-historia-i/

En la 1ª entrada introductoria decía que el Museo se divide en 12 áreas temáticas

http://museum.goznak.ru/en/about/exposition/

Desde los lingotes y kopeks de plata del s. VIII

Hasta las emisiones de monedas conmemorativas del Mundial de Fútbol 2018 en Rusia

Con, faltaría más, las monedas de Pedro I el Grande, fundador de esta bendita ciudad

Pasando por Agustín de Betancourt, fundador de Goznak en 1818 como veíamos en la anterior entrada https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agustín_de_Betancourt

Con cuños varios y material de trabajo

Tengo información para una 3ª, 4ª,… entradas, pero no voy a cansaros. ¡Venid a San Petersburgo a verlo!

El siguiente artículo versa sobre la Exposición Temporal “De kerenka a sovznak, el dinero de la Revolución (1914 – 1922)”

https://www.geocam.ru/online/petropavlovka-ptz/

Curso Numismática Universidad de Murcia II

En el enlace inferior está la introducción al citado curso, el Nacimiento de la Moneda y algo de la Grecia Arcaica.

https://moneditis.com/2017/07/13/curso-numismatica-universidad-de-murcia/

Ya he pasado por la Grecia Clásica y Helenística, la República y el Imperio Romanos y he llegado a la Moneda Temprano-Medieval en Europa (siglos VI al X).

Los temas sobre Grecia, particularmente interesantes. Varias de mis lagunas se han saciado de conocimiento, completadas con catálogos y varias visitas a tiendas numismáticas para, en mano, admirar diversas monedas.  https://www.tesorillo.com/grecia/griegas.htm

Igualmente con Roma, aunque en este caso he ampliado datos/detalles con el RIC, en el caso del Imperio.  http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/

La República, más interesante para mi, queda aquí condensada   http://davy.potdevin.free.fr/Site/crawford1.html

Y ya en el tema 6, con la Moneda Temprano-Medieval en Europa, enfilamos hacia el Imperio Español – Moneda de la Monarquía Hispánica, con paradas en la moneda omeya y abásida y moneda tardo-medieval y moderna mediante.

Las correcciones a las tareas, muy rápidas y con valiosos apuntes por parte del profesorado. Gracias.

PS Parece que tenemos un problema con el tema 6