Curso Numismática Universidad de Murcia IV

Entradas anteriores sobre el mismo tema

https://moneditis.com/2017/07/13/curso-numismatica-universidad-de-murcia/

https://moneditis.com/2017/08/07/curso-numismatica-universidad-de-murcia-ii/

https://moneditis.com/2017/08/28/curso-numismatica-universidad-de-murcia-iii/

Vamos terminando el curso con los dos (2) últimos temas, el 9 y el 10: Moneda de la Monarquía Hispánica (1476-1825) y Moneda Contemporánea (1815-2017).

Diversas Pragmáticas y Ordenanzas reformadoras, entre las que se destacan la Pragmática de Medina del Campo de 1497, a cargo de los Reyes Católicos y las diversas Ordenanzas de Felipe V en 1728 y 1730.

El Real de a ocho se convierte en la moneda del Imperio Comercial en el s. XVIII, siendo aceptada en los cinco continentes por su buena ley, trazabilidad y reconocibilidad y credibilidad.

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felipe_II_de_Espa%C3%B1a

Por qué la historia oficial a menudo se resiente…por las mismas causas…da igual Habsburgo que Borbón 😉

http://www.nuevatribuna.es/articulo/cultura—ocio/felipe-iv-putero-mayor-reino/20150906113738119834.html

En el tema 10, Moneda Contemporánea, se ha hecho especial hincapié en el sistema bimetálico y su desaparición en el s. XX, además de en las grandes áreas económicas del mundo y en el billete y otros medios de pago

Este libro de Niall Ferguson – The ascent of money – A Financial History of the world

FergusonMoney

aporta interesantes datos; de fácil lectura.

Y la fábula de Fabián el orfebre

https://emprendiendovuelo.wordpress.com/2016/07/15/fabula-del-orfebre-fabian-y-el-origen-del-dinero/

El liberalismo económico de los años 80 del pasado siglo XX llevaron a quiebras / inflaciones brutales en los países más dependientes del primer mundo.

Las preguntas de evaluación de este tema 10 han sido curiosas…me han gustado. El curso termina el 30 de septiembre, por lo que después de esa fecha las colgaré por aquí con mis respuestas.

Anuncios

Reales de a ocho / 8 reales / Pieces of eight

Repaso veraniego / Summer review / Перечитывая летом

https://moneditis.com/2014/10/20/real-de-a-ocho/

https://moneditis.com/2014/10/22/real-de-a-ocho-ii/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/ahistoryoftheworld/objects/JO391t6cRtGxstjbE4EEmg

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_dollar

http://www.fuenterrebollo.com/faqs-numismatica/real-ocho.html

Reales de a Ocho IV / Manuel Vilaplana

Cierro con Fernando VII, el peor rey de España hasta la fecha.

Acuñaciones de 8 reales y un poco de historia paralela.

11

“Clickando” en la imagen y ampliando se lee perfectamente.

1213

Recordad que el libro está en google books

https://books.google.es/books?id=SGNJPtOQvgQC&pg=PA146&lpg=PA146&dq=8+reales+vilaplana&source=bl&ots=vyIHGI1g3b&sig=CjwPcKecPvnj_-_EcS-bI0ZJxLw&hl=es&sa=X&ei=sWAtVbaRGYTMPez_gPgL&ved=0CCEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=8%20reales%20vilaplana&f=false

Ya estamos en julio. ¡Disfrutad del verano!

8 reales Nuevo Reino

Me ha parecido interesante este tipo, ceca y sobretodo año. Su explicación sobre la moneda merece la pena.

2310438.m (1)

http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?term=8+reales+1762+nuevo+reino&category=1-2&en=1&de=1&fr=1&it=1&es=1&ot=1&images=1&currency=usd&order=0&company=

Lote 458 de la subasta de Ponterio & Associates Enero 2015 NYINC Auction

UNIQUE Discovery Date Nuevo Reino (Bogota Mint) Pillar Dollar
COLOMBIA. 8 Reales, 1760/59-NRJV. Charles III (1759-88). NGC AU-58.
KM-39 (for type, unknown date); FC-unknown; Cal-Type-108 (unknown date); cf.Gil-SF-8-2 (unknown date); Restrepo-Type-44 (unknown date). UNIQUE discovery coin. The fact that pillar dollars were minted at the Nuevo Reino Mint (Bogota) in 1760 has been known through numismatic literature for quite some time. Page 50 of A. M. Barriga Villalba’s reference “Historia de las Casa de Moneda” states that in 1760, 2,008 Marcos, 6 Onzas, and 0 Ochavas of silver were minted in the form of Pesos (8 Reales), 1 Reales, Medio (1/2 Reales) and Cuartillas (1/4 Reales). However, it is unknown how this is broken down for each of the corresponding denominations. The existence of minor coinage dated 1760 has been known to the numismatic community for quite some time. Approximately a dozen examples of 1760 1 Reales are known, while the 1/2 Real remains unique. The 1/4 Reales it is a different matter, as the Colombian dies for the Cuartillas denomination did not contain a date at this time. Furthermore, Cuartillas were struck each consecutive year from 1759-1771 (with the exception of possibly 1770); therefore, assigning a specific date to them is not possible. Previous to the discovery of this coin, only three dates were known of Pillar 8 Reales produced by the Nuevo Reino Mint (1759, 1762 and 1770). It is estimated that approximately 15 examples of the 1759 8 Reales are known today (See Restrepo pg.113), although this number may be as high as 20. Of the 1762 8 Reales, only two examples can be confirmed, one of which (Restrepo and Barriga Villalba plate coin) is housed in the Museum of the Casa de Moneda Bogota. The second example (Ex: Don Domingo de Irigoyen, Ex: Don Canaparo and Gilboy plate coin) was sold by Numismatica Ars Classica in March of 2002, Auction #22, lot #334 where it hammered for 260,000 Swiss Francs. There are rumors that a third example may exist, however this remains unconfirmed. In regards to the 1770 8 Reales, there are approximately 12 to 14 pieces known (Restrepo pg.120), all of which were found in the corner stone of a Church in Bogota in 2006. Prior to this discovery, 8 Reales dated 1770 were unknown to numismatists, even though there is a known mintage of 289 Marcos, 6 Onzas, and 0 Ochavas (see Barriga Villalba pg. 50). Unlike the Spanish Colonial mints located at Mexico City, Potosi, Bolivia and Lima, Peru, the mint of Nuevo Reino was not known for large outputs of silver coinage. All Colombian silver from this period was minted in small quantities and should be considered RARE. Unlike Mexico, Bolivia, and Peru, which were rich with silver mines, Colombia was not. To the contrary, the mines in Colombia were abundant with gold from which silver was a byproduct. Most of the silver coinage produced at the Nuevo Reino mint was a result of excess metal that was extracted while refining gold. When enough slag silver was extracted, it was then collected and made into coinage. For this reason there are large gaps in the dates that 8 Reales were minted. It is interesting to note that mintage figures do exist, stating that 8 Reales were produced in 1756 and 1761, however no example are known to have survived today. The unique 1760 8 Reales offered here features a few interesting and distinct features. First and foremost the piece exhibits a clear overdate 1760/59 (the only known overdate for a Colombian Pillar 8 Reales). While there are multiple dies known for the 1759, the pillar side die is an exact die match to lot #296 in the July 1996 Bonhams auction of the Alexander Patterson Collection. The assayers initials on the 1760 are arranged “JV” similar to that of the 1759 Nuevo Reino 8 Reales of Ferdinand VI. For all other Nuevo Reino 8 Reales of Charles III (1762 and 1770), the assayers letters are arranged “VJ”, showing in the opposite order. The pillar side die features yet another variant with a large “V” in the spelling of the kings name “CAROLVS”, rather than “CAROLUS” as found in 1762 and 1770. A remarkable and UNIQUE discovery piece that is sure to be one of the centerpieces of its new owner’s collection.
NGC AU-58.
PCGS# 717467.

Clon duro segoviano

De aquí

http://www.imperio-numismatico.com/t96127-serias-dudas-sobre-autenticidad#870425

http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1863&category=38718&lot=1623496

http://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=576037

Y a donde finalmente queremos llegar, que es a la próxima subasta de Cayón de duros segovianos

http://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1891&category=39140&lot=1653856

Página 94 Lote 534

http://www.saladesubasta.com/pdf/Cayon%20Subastas%20-%20Subasta%2028%20Abril%202015.pdf

Parecen clones a la venta en Heritage, certificado por NGC, y Cayón. ¡¡Impresionante!!