8 reales macuquina ¿falsa? subasta 77 Tauler&Fau

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https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Recibo algunos correos electrónicos de coleccionistas consultándome diversas cuestiones y/o dudas, la mayoría (más del 51 %) preguntándome sobre monedas y su posible autenticidad/falsedad. Siempre respondo y, dentro de mis posibilidades y de las fotos y datos aportados, las conclusiones suelen quedar en el limbo de la indeterminación al no poder realizar sobre las monedas ningún tipo de análisis no destructivo y/o reconocimiento al microscopio electrónico, al no tenerlas en mano.

Dicho lo anterior, acabo de recibir este correo que, dada la calidad de los datos aportados, parece no dejar lugar a dudas, aunque, como ya he dicho más de una vez, siempre estimo la posibilidad de autenticidad/falsedad de una moneda de forma estadística, expresada en tantos por ciento (%). En este caso y sin ningún análisis/reconocimiento, le doy un 70 % de posibilidades de que esta macuquina en cuestión sea falsa (no me extiendo en el método que utilizo para llegar a esa cifra)

Esta es la imagen comparativa de ambos 8 reales remitida

8 reales 1696 Tipo María Carlos II. La moneda engarzada y dos (2) imágenes adyacentes en cruz  (son la misma, aunque la engarzada ha sido limpiada) pertenece al amable lector autor real de esta entrada, gracias, comprada por él y engarzada por un joyero. Pesa 24 g

La otra es esta

Lot 220  Starting Price: 900 EUR   Current bid: 900 EUR

Charles II (1665-1700). 8 reales. 1696. Sevilla. M, en vertical. (Cal-795). Ag. 24,17 g. “Maria” type. Full date with four digits. Of the highest rarity with this condition. Choice F/VF. Est…2000,00.

 

Dejo abierta la cuestión a vuestra consideración
P.S. Aprovechando que estamos con el tema, aquí os dejo otras cuantas macuquinas falsas, gracias al buen hacer de Numismática La Dobla. No están en venta, como bien se apunta en su web

Rublo 1726 II / Рубль 1726 II

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https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Aquí   https://moneditis.com/2019/03/25/rublo-1726-рубль-1726/ ya hablaba sobre un rublo de Catalina I

Peso teórico: 28,44 g de plata Ag .729 Diámetro 41 mm

Retrato del grabador danés Anton Schultz

Anverso: ЕКАТЕРИНА• IМПЕРАТРIЦА• IСАМОДЕРЖИЦА• ВСЕРОСIСКАЯ

Reverso: МОНЕТА* НОВАЯ* ЦЕНА* РУБЛЬ•1726

Acuñada en Moscú, en la Casa de la Moneda Kadashevsky

La diferencia entre uno y otro rublo se encuentra en la cola del águila bicéfala del reverso (comparar en el enlace de arriba)

Canto

россискоi рубль ея i в (императорского величества) московского двора

Retrato a izquierda. En la cabeza aparece una corona sobre la cinta del pelo de la zarina y en el pecho estrella de orden militar sobre armadura.

En Moscú, la acuñación de moneda de plata se lleva a cabo exclusivamente en la ceca de Kadashevsky. No hay datos sobre ensayadores, maestros de balanza y otros trabajadores de esta Casa de la Moneda moscovita. El 13 de julio de 1724 se firmó contrato por seis años con el medallista Danés Anton Schultz, que trabaja hasta 1736.

Por esta moneda se pagaron casi 1.000 euros.

Catálogo Konros Nº 50/6

Aquí rublo también de 1726 pero de cobre. Pesa 1.638 g de nada. Para llevarlo en el bolsillo 🙂

Subtítulos sólo en ruso

P.S.  https://coinsweekly.com/how-to-detect-counterfeits-at-all-times-part-3-british-sovereigns/

Al final del artículo, referencias a otras falsificaciones / detalles técnicos

https://goldsovereignexpert.com/

https://goldsovereigns.co.uk/

8 reales Carlos IV Vico lotes ¿cruz?

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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No por casualidad el título de esta entrada

https://moneditis.com/2020/11/05/8-reales-carlos-iv-ibercoin-lotes-cruz/

En esta subasta de Vico también vemos unos cuantos lotes de similares características

Lot 319          Starting Price: 330 EUR
CARLOS IV. Lote 11 monedas de 8 reales de Lima diferentes, uno con contramarca M.. BC+/MBC.

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=4470&lot=319

Lot 320    Starting Price: 420 EUR
CARLOS IV. Lote 14 monedas de 8 reales de México diferentes. BC+/MBC.
No leo pesos/masas ni ningún otro detalle más que genéricas descripciones y conservaciones.
Los detalles sobre el procedimiento y características de la subasta de Vico son similares a los del enlace superior, referido a Ibercoin
Lot 321         Starting Price: 500 EUR
CARLOS IV. Lote de 16 moneda de 8 reales de Potosí diferentes, 2 con resellos chinos. BC+/MBC.
¿Lotes comparables? ¿Algo que aprender a la vista de tanto lote de 8 reales Carlos IV a la venta?

Publicaciones sobre Moneda Falsa y Barrera Coronado

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https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Volviendo a los orígenes de estas páginas, en este blog hay infinidad de ejemplos de información en internet sobre monedas falsas…pero menos ejemplos de publicaciones, libros (monográficos o no), revistas (artículos),…

Haz clic para acceder a modern_counterfeits_and_replicas_of_gree.pdf

En subastas bibliográfico-numismáticas se puede encontrar alguna cosilla

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=4369&lot=945

Por regla general, libros no demasiados actualizados

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=4369&lot=1191

aunque sirven como referencia

El Barrera, publicado en el año 2.000, también se ha quedado falto de actualizaciones, aunque ya en su momento adjuntó un suplemento con nuevos descubrimientos

El índice comienza por prólogo y falsificaciones y manipulaciones, continuando por metales empleados y monedas falsas desde los Reyes Católicos hasta Juan Carlos I

Los duros sevillanos reciben un tratamiento algo más extendido que el resto de periodos históricos / reinados / gobiernos

y aquí el citado suplemento, al final de la obra.

Con datos y referencias interesantes, todos estos libros son los “dinosaurios numismático-informativos” del siglo XX , superados por la actualizada en inmediata internet en cuanto a nuevas falsificaciones…aunque no hay nada como la propia experiencia de tocar desde burdas copias en calamina hasta sofisticadas reproducciones áureas  😉

P.S.  https://coinsweekly.com/heritage-to-offer-exceptional-brasher-doubloon/

“In 1787, Ephraim Brasher,[1] a goldsmith and silversmith, submitted a petition to the State of New York to mint copper coins. The petition was denied when New York decided not to get into the business of minting copper coinage. Brasher was already quite highly regarded for his skills, and his hallmark (which he not only stamped on his own coins but also on other coinage sent to him for assay proofing) was highly significant in early America. Brasher struck various coppers, in addition to a small quantity of gold coins, over the next few years.[2]

One of the surviving gold coins, weighing 26.6 grams and composed of 0.917 (22-carat) gold…”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brasher_Doubloon

SLV reddit wallstreetbets TheHappyHawaiian silver futures

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https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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En reddit hay movimiento con ciertas acciones yankees (GameStop (GME), BB…); parece que ha llegado el momento de la plata 😀

https://www.reddit.com/r/wallstreetbets/comments/l6novm/the_real_dd_on_slv_the_worlds_biggest_short/

The real DD on SLV, the worlds biggest short squeeze is possible and we can make history
Here is the longer DD for the short squeeze case for SLV, a follow-up from my shorter post a few hours ago. Note that I talk in first person as this is something I’m going to do. Everyone is free to do as they individually please and copy my trade if they’d like to. I think it’s absurd that forces at be think this forum is manipulating by posting publicly but that’s where we are at right now.

First things first, I’m not doing this until the GME rise is done. I am long GME but am going long SLV immediately after.

If you just want to know what to buy skip to the end

I present 2 investment DDs in this post, the short squeeze and the fundamentals. If you want to see what to buy

The short squeeze:

Buy SLV shares (or PSLV shares) and SLV call options to force physical delivery of silver to the SLV vaults.

The silver futures market has oscillated between having roughly 100-1 and 500-1 ratio of paper traded silver to physical silver, but lets call it 250-1 for now. This means that for every 250 ounces in open interest in the futures market, only 1 actually gets delivered. Most traders would rather settle with cash rather than take delivery of thousands of ounces of silver and have to figure out to store and transport it in the future.

The people naked shorting silver via the futures markets are a couple of large banks and making them pay dearly for their over leveraged naked shorts would be incredible. It’s not Melvin capital on the other side of this trade, its JP Morgan. Time to get some payback for the bailouts and manipulation they’ve done for decades (look up silver manipulation fines that JPM has paid over the years).

The way the squeeze could occur is by forcing a much higher percentage of the futures contracts to actually deliver physical silver. There is very little silver in the COMEX vaults or available to actually be use to deliver, and if they have to start buying en masse on the open market they will drive the price massively higher. There is no way to magically create more physical silver in the world that is ready to be delivered. With a stock you can eventually just issue more shares if the price rises too much, but this simply isn’t the case here. The futures market is kind of the wild west of the financial world. Real commodities are being traded, and if you are short, you literally have to deliver thousands of ounces of silver per contract if the holder on the other side demands it. If you remember oil going negative back in May, that was possible because futures are allowed to trade to their true value. They aren’t halted and that’s what will make this so fun when the true squeeze happens.

Edit for more detail: let’s say there’s one futures seller who gets unlucky and gets the buyer who actually wants to take delivery. He doesn’t have the silver and realizes it’s all of a sudden damn difficult to find some physical silver. He throws up his hands and just goes long a matching number of futures contracts and will demand actual delivery on those. Problem solved because he has now matched the demanding buyer with a new seller. The issue is that the new seller has the same issue and does the exact same thing. This is how the cascade effect of a meltup occurs. All the naked shorts trying to offload their position to someone who actually has some silver. My goal is to ensure that I have the silver and won’t sell to them until silver is at a far higher price due to the desperation.

The silver market is much larger than GME in terms of notional value, but there is very little physical silver actually readily available (think about the difference between total shares and the shares in the active float for a stock), and the paper silver trading hands in the futures market is hundreds of times larger than what is available. Thus when they are forced to actually deliver physical silver it will create a massive short squeeze where an absurd amount of silver will be sought after (to fulfill their contractually obligated delivery) with very little available to actually buy. They are naked shorting silver and will have to cover all at once and the float as a percentage of the total silver stock globally is truly minuscule.

 

The fundamentals:

The current gold to silver ratio is 73-1. Meaning the price of gold per ounce is 73 times the price of silver. Naturally occurring silver is only 18.75 times as common as gold, so this ratio of 73-1 is quite high. Until the early 20th century, silver prices were pegged at a 15-1 ratio to gold in the US because this ratio was relatively known even then. In terms of current production, the ratio is even lower at 8-1. Meaning the world is only producing 8 ounces of silver for each newly produced ounce of gold.

Global industry has been able to get away with producing so little new silver for so long because governments have dumped silver on the market for 80 years, but now their silver vaults are empty. At the end of WW2 government vaults globally contained 10 billion ounces of silver, but as we moved to fiat currency and away from precious metal backed currencies, the amount held by governments has decreased to only 0.24 billion ounces as they dumped their supply into the market. But this dumping is done now as their remaining supply is basically nil.

This 0.24 billion ounces represents only 8% of the total supply of only 3 billion ounces stored as investment globally. This means that 92% of that gold is held privately by institutions and by millions of boomer gold and silver bugs who have been sitting on meager gains for decades. These boomers aren’t going to sell no matter what because they see their silver cache as part of their doomsday prepper supplies. It’s locked away in bunkers they built 500 miles from their house. Also, with silver at $23 an ounce currently, this means all of the worlds investment grade silver only has a total market cap of $70 billion. For comparison the investment grade gold in the world is worth roughly $6 trillion. This is because most of the silver produced each year actually gets used, as I have mentioned. $70 billion sounds like a lot, but we don’t have to buy all that much for the price to go up a lot.

**If the squeeze happens, it would be like 40 years worth of their gains in 4 months **

The reason that only 8 ounces of silver are produced for every 1 ounce of gold in today’s world is because there aren’t really any good naturally occurring silver deposits left in the world. Silver is more common than gold in the earth’s crust, but it is spread very thin. Thus nearly every ounce of silver produces is actually a byproduct of mining for other metals such as gold or copper. This means that even as the silver price skyrockets, it wont be easy to increase the supply of silver being produced. Even if new mines were to be constructed, it could take years to come online.

Finally, most of this newly created silver supply each year is used for productive purposes rather than kept for investment. It is used in electronics, solar panels, and jewelry for the most part. This demand wont go away if the silver price rises, so the short sellers will be trying to get their hands on a very small slice of newly minted silver. The solar market is also growing quickly and political pressure to increase solar and electric vehicles could provide more industrial demand.

The other part of the story is the faster moving piece and that is the inflation and currency debasement fear portion. The government and the fed are printing money like crazy debasing the value of the dollar, so investors look for real assets like precious metals to hide out in, driving demand for silver. The $1.9 trillion stimulus passing in a month or two could be a good catalyst. All this money combined with the reopening of the economy could cause some solid inflation to occur, and once inflation starts it often feeds on itself.

https://moneditis.com/tag/plata/

 

What to buy:

I will be putting 50% directly into SLV shares, and 50% into the $35 strike SLV calls expiring 4/16. This way the SLV purchase creates a groundswell into silver immediately that then rockets through a gamma squeeze as SLV approaches $35. Price target of $75 for SLV by end of April if the short squeeze happens.

Edit: for the part of your purchases going into shares, some people recommend PSLV because they think SLV might start lying about having the silver in their vault. Or that the custodian will be double counting, ie claiming that the same silver belongs to multiple people (banking on the fact that people wont all try to get their silver at once). So if you buy SLV shares and calls, that’s great. But I think it could be prudent for us to buy options in SLV (no options on PSLV) and shares in PSLV. It all depends on how paranoid you want to be. There is a lot of paranoia in the precious metals world.

Alternate options:

– buying physical silver; this also works but you pay a premium to buy and sell so its less efficient and you take fewer silver ounces off of the market because of the premium you pay

– going long futures for February or March; if you are a rich bastard and can actually take physical delivery of 1000s of ounces of silver by all means do so. But if you simply settle for cash you are actually part of the problem. We need actual physical delivery, which is what SLV demands and is why SLV is the way to go unless you are going to take delivery

– miners; I don’t recommend buying miners as part of this trade. Miners will absolutely go up if SLV goes up, but buying them doesn’t create the squeeze in the actual silver market. Furthermore, most silver miners only derive 30-50% of their revenue from silver anyways, so eventually SLV will outperform them as it gets high enough (and each marginal SLV dollar only increases miner profits by a smaller and smaller percentage)

Details on SLV physical settlement:

When SLV issues shares, the custodian is forced to true up their vaults with the proportional amount of silver daily. From the SLV prospectus:

“An investment in Shares is: Backed by silver held by the Custodian on behalf of the Trust. The Shares are backed by the assets of the Trust. The Trustee’s arrangements with the Custodian contemplate that at the end of each business day there can be in the Trust account maintained by the Custodian no more than 1,100 ounces of silver in an unallocated form. The bulk of the Trust’s silver holdings is represented by physical silver, identified on the Custodian’s or, if applicable, sub-custodian’s, books in allocated and unallocated accounts on behalf of the Trust and is held by the Custodian in London, New York and other locations that may be authorized in the future.”

Join me brothers. Lets take silver to the moon and take on the biggest and baddest manipulators in the world. Please post rocket emojis in the comments as desired.

Disclaimer: do your own research, make your own decisions, everything here is a guess and hypothetical and nothing is guaranteed, not a financial advisor, I have ADHD and maybe other things too.

Bear case: silver does tend to sell off if the broader market plunges so it’s not immune to broad market sell off. It’s also the most manipulated market in the world so we are facing some tough competition on the short side

Algunos comentarios curiosos

SS3Brotenks 15 hours agoEureka!Silver

Melvin is one thing. Fucking with JPM is another. They’ll buy reddit and nuke it from the internet.

Q_DOOKERMAN15 hours agoGoldJPM will literally make all of Reddit illegal and have all 3 million people on this sub arrested and put in jail before they let us take em to the cleaners on this
Not surprising from a corp that admitted to manipulating markets and payed out $920b for their wrongdoing. When you can afford to lose $920b and keep on going, you’re running on evil not fumes
I didnt read any of that but silver is a buy simply on the money printing that’s been going on alone. It will 🚀🚀🚀🚀🚀 whether it gets any traction here or not. Might as well jump aboard.
100% agree with you for post-GME. I’m an old balls millennial who started learning about the massive Silver manipulation right around 2008. In 2010 I think it spiked again to almost $50 then got crushed down by JPM.

I was thinking earlier this week that if the autists got ahold of SLV it would be lights out for JPM…. Which I don’t know is a good thing… You know, like anarchy in the streets when the worlds largest bank folds…

ahhh yes
bunker tons of silver in my yard
understood
We have the whole financial media industry trying to silence us and campaigning for SEC/legal action because we are winning against Melvin, a company rarely in headlines or big discussion before all of this.

Op wants to take on jPM who has all but been caught red handed (allegedly)manipulating the silver trade before. We will have actual gestapo coming for us.

I’m not saying individuals shouldn’t do this, I’m saying use a VPN and use your gme money to purchase a ticket the moon for safety first.

Man I pray for this day! Honestly pray. They have manipulated gold and silver for years and years. JP Morgan ours $1b in fines this year and laughs it of. This would break a whole system way way way more than GME
Do you know how powerful it’s gonna feel to seriously move the price of silver?
This really gonna happen at every possible oppurtunity? At this rate r/wallstreetbets will overtake the giants and literally control the US economy by 2030
Manipulation of physical precious metal markets has happened before and I don’t recall it ending well. The government or the banks are vested in suppressing the price. This would be a step up in our crusaded against the big boys. That said, you son of a bitch, I’m in.
Is it crazy to try and get everyone to buy physical?
SlV calls bought yesterday before close up 700%!! Slv March 19 $30
YOU SERVED THE DESSERT BEFORE WE EVEN FINISHED THE ENTREE. NEXT WEEK
User avatar
DO YOU RETARDS KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS?312 million ounces are naked short.
This isn’t a stock so there will be no offering. Or they’ll have to dig it out of the fucking ground. This is a real short squeeze. AMC issued 96 million more shares yesterday. I’m not saying anything wrong with that, it will keep them in business. But this is pure short squeeze, there will be no way to weasel out of this.
TO THE MOON.
This has the potential to ruin the whole financial system and possibly create a recession… I’m in! 🙌
Great DD! Often silver is inadvertently thrown away rather than being recycled like gold. And as you mentioned, a lot silver is obtained through the mining of copper rather than actual silver mines proper.
COMEX or CBOT for straight futures contracts. This could actually be a thing in the SLV ETF. If Stonks do start to crack precious metals are a flight to safety trade and if inflation numbers start to come in hot silver would have some tailwinds. Gold has already printed fresh highs in comparison to silver from the last big ramp in 2011.
One more thing OP forgot to mention. Once everything reopens and the velocity of money goes up again, inflation will pick up and exceed 2.5%. Once this happens people will start buying silver for sure. Buy and hold silver until everything is reopened! 🚀🚀🚀

Probablemente esto no sea más que un pump & dump de libro, pero ¿y si…? (We, the people…)  😉

Todos a comprar unas moneditas de plata…a ver si el delivery del COMEX se queda seco, jeje

P.S. Parece que dos grandes “dealers” se van quedando sin existencias y/o esperan que mañana lunes (esta noche abre la negociación en Asia) abra el mercado papel con un “gap” (hueco) al alza importante 

https://www.apmex.com/

Due to unprecedented demand on physical silver products, we are unable to accept any additional orders on a large number of products, until global markets open Sunday evening.

https://www.jmbullion.com/

Attention Customers: Due to increased order volume, we are currently experiencing shipping delays of 5-10 days from cleared payment.

P.S. II  Un par de artículos referentes al tema de cabecera

https://www.zerohedge.com/commodities/von-greyerz-paper-silver-toxic

https://www.zerohedge.com/news/2021-02-03/reddit-residue-silver-3-february

Monedas del Mundo Fascículos

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https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Esta semana se ha puesto en venta el primer fascículo de la colección “Monedas & Billetes del Mundo” de la editorial Salvat    https://www.salvat.com/colecciones/monedas-y-billetes/

Muy aparatosa la primera entrega, cartón colorido, billete, monedas…todo un clásico en el marketing editorial

He aquí el primer fascículo

Alguna página interior

Las colecciones por fascículos se llegan a hacer aburridas…lo digo por experiencia, ya que yo hice, hace algunos años 🙂 , esta   https://moneditis.com/2018/09/10/historia-de-la-peseta-el-pais/

2 años en los que con la complicidad del kioskero acabé completando la colección

Como veis, todo cambia para seguir igual…

P.S.  https://coinweek.com/ancient-coins/treasure-coins-ancient-gold-coins-recovered-from-shipwrecks/

Rome. Aurelian, 270-275. Aureus (Gold, 4.29 g 12), Milan, late 270. Image: Leu Numismatik AG.

The Corsica Hoard

Sunk shortly after 272 CE, one of the more controversial ancient shipwrecked treasures was partially discovered in the Gulf of Lava located off the southern coast of Corsica. The Lava Treasure, also known as the “Corsica Hoard” and the “Mediterranean Sea Hoard” was first discovered in the late 1950s by two brothers.

P.S.II  https://sdbullion.com/silver/junk-silver

Красцветмет Metales Preciosos Reciclados

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Красцветмет (Krastsvetmet), empresa rusa de reciclaje y recuperación de metales preciosos en Krasnoyarsk, ciudad y región   https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krasnoyarsk

https://www.krastsvetmet.com/

Absorben el 75 % del oro, el 50 % de la plata y el 95 % de Pt, Rh, Ru, Pd, Ir y Os (PGM) del reciclado “metalero” ruso.

En este artículo   https://meduza.io/feature/2020/12/31/eto-ne-soderzhimoe-pesochnitsy-a-chistoe-zoloto   explican sin demasiado detalle el proceso de recuperación, desde la recepción de chatarra diversa, pasando por valoración, análisis, tratamiento…hasta su venta

Resumiendo el artículo (traducción automática)

“Antes de comenzar a refinar, debe comprender cuántos elementos preciosos y no preciosos hay en la materia prima. Incluso en la etapa de expedición, el proveedor informa de antemano cuánto oro puede haber en su materia prima después del procesamiento, pero las expectativas no siempre se corresponden con la realidad. El veredicto final se dicta en el centro analítico Krastsvetmet, que es uno de los diez mejores laboratorios del mundo en el campo de los metales preciosos, esto lo confirma la acreditación anual. Los especialistas del centro analizan varios cientos de miles de muestras al año. 

Para el análisis de materias primas se toma una muestra que refleja todas las propiedades del lote; luego se prepara (triturado, disuelto, aserrado o derretido) y enviado al grupo de expertos para su investigación. Para controlar el proceso tecnológico, se toman muestras en cada etapa del ciclo productivo.”

“El contenido del crisol se funde en un horno y luego se vierte en formas especiales (gotas). La forma absorbe metales oxidados, queda oro y plata”

“La primera muestra ayuda a determinar el valor de la materia prima y a elegir cuál será el proceso de refinado. Por ejemplo, una forma de separar el oro de otros metales no ferrosos e impurezas es disolver la aleación triturada en ácido nítrico: el exceso se disolverá, pero el oro no. Luego se enviará para una mayor purificación y la plata refinada se aísla posteriormente de la solución de ácido nítrico.”

“Una forma de determinar qué tan puro es el oro es mediante el uso de un espectrómetro de arco de emisión óptica. Durante el análisis del arco, un arco se quema constantemente entre el electrodo y el metal, el material se funde, se evapora y, bajo la acción de una alta temperatura (6000 ° C), se forma un plasma que emite luz. Cada elemento tiene su propia longitud de onda, y cuanto más brillante brilla, mayor es la concentración del elemento en el material de prueba. Basado en los datos sobre el brillo de las líneas espectrales, el dispositivo determina qué metales y en qué cantidades están contenidos en el producto terminado.”

“Después de la limpieza química, al oro se le da la forma deseada: gránulos o lingotes. Para obtenerlos, el metal se calienta al menos a 1070 ° C. Al mismo tiempo, los moldes (moldes) se calientan en un horno, luego se retiran, se rocía grafito sobre ellos y se calienta con gas. Esto ayuda a que el oro se enfríe de manera uniforme y evita la formación de una cavidad de contracción . Derramar oro es generalmente un trabajo manual. Las fundiciones con trajes refractarios pueden determinar a simple vista cuánto oro verter en un molde para obtener un lingote del peso deseado y luego llevarlo caliente a un pequeño baño de agua fría: el 75% de todo el oro ruso lo atraviesa anualmente. Al final, los lingotes se toman para su procesamiento con el fin de moler y eliminar todo el exceso.” 

“Los lingotes de oro puro son un metal pesado y blando al mismo tiempo. Incluso las uñas y los callos en los dedos pueden dejar daños, por lo que antes de recoger los lingotes terminados, los clientes los examinan: busque daños externos y verifique el cumplimiento de GOST. Cualquier defecto significa que el lingote no será aceptado y será refundido, por lo que se manipulan con cuidado y exclusivamente con guantes. Los lingotes terminados se envuelven en papel de aluminio y se envasan en contenedores de envío. En cuanto a la masa, la estándar pesa de 11 a 13,3 kg, pero a veces también se piden lingotes no estándar a la empresa Krasnoyarsk.”

“Los principales consumidores de lingotes de oro son los bancos que trabajan con metales preciosos. Los fabricantes de joyas tienen una demanda de gránulos para la producción de aleaciones de metales preciosos y para los industriales y las empresas farmacéuticas: polvos y compuestos químicos. Pero es la industria de la joyería la que consume más de la mitad de la producción mundial de oro.”

“Krastsvetmet trabaja no solo con oro, sino también con platino, paladio, rodio, iridio, osmio, rutenio y plata. Todos estos metales terminan más tarde en diversas industrias y, por ejemplo, están involucrados en los procesos de limpieza de gases de escape de vehículos, producción de alimentos, medicamentos y derivados del petróleo.”

Como veis y leéis, una de las mayores empresas en su sector. Ni que decir tiene que no me pagan nada por esta entrada…aunque no me importaría recibir una pequeña muestra de todos los metales con los que trabajan 🙂

 

Russian Coins New York Sale Goldberg

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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¡Año Nuevo, nuevas moneditas! 🙂 …aunque la subasta no sea presencial…

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=sale&sid=4375

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=4375&lot=1002

Lot 1002  Estimate: 2500 USD   Minimum bid: 2000 USD
Jefimok Half Ruble, 1655. 15.29 gm. Counterstamped on a Saxon Taler, Dresden mint
(16)15 of Johann Georg and August. Spaskii – unlisted, Zander p. 15. This Half Ruble was made from a bisected host already counterstamped. Spasski suggest that this halving of already counterstamped pieces reflects a step to salvage some badly cracked Jefimoks by cutting away the damaged half. Extremely rare. Pleasing medium gray
Extremely fine.Ex The New York Sale, January 7, 2010, lot 1004: Ex Albert Kruse Collection, Gorny & Mosch Sale 106, October 11-12, 2000, lot 4204
Otras entradas sobre efimok en este blog             https://moneditis.com/tag/efimok/

https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=4375&lot=1071

Lot 1071  Estimate: 4000 USD   Minimum bid: 3200 USD

Rouble 1770 MMД-ДM.

Moscow, Red mint. 23.01 gm. Bit 132 (R2), Ilyin (25 Rubl), Petrov (30 Rubl), Konros 4350 (R3). Very rare. Reverse laminations, and struck from dies in late stage of erosion. At point of wear –
Extremely fine.Ex ‘The New York Sale’, XXXVIII, January 7, 2016, lot 2133. Comes with sales tag.

Lot 1118   Estimate: 1000 USD  Minimum bid: 800 USD

3 Roubles 1836 СПБ. Platinum.

Bit 82 (R), Ilyin (10 Rubl.), Konros 37/10. Mintage of only 43,752 pcs.
Extremely fine.
Monedas interesantes…aunque pocas sobresalientes…muchas medallas y algún billete y condecoración al final de la subasta. No pongo más enlaces a otras entradas en este blog relacionadas con las monedas significadas para no hacer tediosa la vista y lectura…

Lot 1190    Estimate: 25 000 USD        Minimum bid: 20 000 USD

Medal. GOLD. 46 mm. Unsigned. 50th Anniversary of The Imperial Odessa Society for History and Antiquities, 1889.

Diakov 1031.1 (R5), Sm. 979. Portraits of Alexander III, Alexander II and Nicholas I within wreath / Legend within wreath. Extremely rare. Some hairlines.
Uncirculated.

Lot 1240   Estimate: 3000 USD   Minimum bid: 2400 USD

Rouble 1924 ПЛ.

Fed 11, Y 90. Arms of USSR with seven ribbons divides circle with denomination within / Young worker, supporting the old farmer and pointing forward. Sunrise and industry scene behind. Authenticated and graded by NGC PR 65. Among the best graded.
Gem brilliant PROOF.

Lot 1520   Estimate: 90 000 USD    Minimum bid: 72 000 USD

Russian Government Archival Proof Book. Includes Front and Back Proofs of the Far Eastern Provisional Government, Credit Note 50 Kopecks, and 25 and 100 Roubles, dated 1918-1919.

Russian Government Archival Proof Book. Includes Front and Back Proofs of the Far Eastern Provisional Government, Credit Note 50 Kopecks, and 25 and 100 Roubles, dated 1918-1919. P-S1244p, S1248p, S1249p; Front and Back Proofs of the Russo-Asiatic Bank, Harbin Branch 50 Kopecks, 1, 3, 10 and 100 Roubles (1917). P-473p-478p; Front and Back Proofs of the proposed 1919 5, 25, 100 and 500 Roubles Vladivostok issue of the Banque de l’Indo-Chine; and Front and Back Proofs of the proposed 1919 50, 250, 500, 1000 Roubles Credit Note issues of the Far Eastern Provisional Government. The Proofs are mounted on the heavy paper pages of this folio archival book. The Back Proofs of the proposed 1919 Far Eastern issues are loose and mounted on card stock; also includes a group of Vignettes and Design Proof Mechanicals for various Russian Government banknotes and bonds – Classical Women designs for the Far Eastern issues, steam locomotive for the Russo-Asiatic issue, etc. An Extremely Rare and Important group of Russian Government Proofs.
Extremely fine-Uncirculated.
P.S. 

The Spanish National Police arrested a teenager who lives near Barcelona, accusing him of counterfeiting euro bank notes of high quality and selling them to clients across Spain, as well as in Portugal and the United Kingdom.

The teen allegedly forged €10, €20, and €50 bank notes.

Christmas Scrooge Crown Dickens

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Llega la Navidad…Adiós 2020.

Ascension Island – Christmas Scrooge Crown to Commemorate the 150th Anniversary of Charles Dickens in Proof Sterling Silver

Coin Specifications

Metal: Proof Sterling Silver; Cupro Nickel
Diameter: 38.60 mm
Weight: 28.28 g
Issue Limit: Silver: 2,000; CuNi: 10,000

https://coinweek.com/world-coins/new-crown-coin-commemorates-150th-anniversary-of-dickens-christmas-carol/

https://www.pobjoy.com/ascension-island-christmas-scrooge-crown-to-commemorate-the-150th-anniversary-of-charles-dickens-in-proof-sterling-silver

A Christmas Carol está ambientado en la City de Londres durante un día «frío, desapacible, cortante y con niebla» de Nochebuena. Está estructurado en cinco capítulos denominados «estrofas», de los cuales tres hacen referencia a los encuentros de los «fantasmas de la Navidad» —pasadopresente y futuro— con Ebenezer Scrooge, un anciano avaro y egoísta que desprecia todo lo relacionado con la Navidad.

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Christmas_Carol

P.S. Interesante coloquio radiofónico económico-metalero-energético

https://www.rankia.com/blog/llinares/4753686-grabacion-coloquio-steelman1234-fernan2-que-suscribe

https://www.ivoox.com/coloquio-un-nuevo-orden-mundial-ante-la-audios-mp3_rf_57662975_1.html

¡Casi tres (3) horas de nada!  🙂

fakes gold & silver coins

Enlace a mi tienda en ebid. Iré subiendo más moneditas de mi colección

https://stores.ebid.net/moneditis

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Saliendo del 2020…aunque hasta el rabo todo es toro

Otros enlaces relacionados con el tema de cabecera…

https://moneditis.com/2020/09/18/most-counterfeited-u-s-and-world-coins/

https://moneditis.com/2020/08/09/mas-falsas-monedas/

Un par de páginas de empresa tecnológica que vende “aparataje” para detección de falsas (monedas y/o lingotes de metales preciosos) donde nos muestra variados ejemplos de timo metálico.

http://aurotest.de/counterfeit_silver.htm

http://aurotest.de/counterfeit_gold.htm

http://www.aurotest.de/news.htm

Mi alemán es prácticamente inexistente pero el traductor ayuda bastante

P.S. https://www.numismaticnews.net/article/record-silver-shortage-in-2020

“…The forecasted combined net result of physical supply and demand is a 2020 surplus of 31.5 million ounces. However, that figure is not the bottom line. In 2020, it looks like net investment in exchange-traded products (especially exchange-traded funds like SLV) will reach 350 million ounces. When you factor in this demand, which is touted as physical demand, but may be largely on paper), the net silver shortage for 2020 could be 318.50 million ounces!…”